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Seraphim Yefimov
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Prof J Dharmarajan's Tamilnadu History: How to Get this Book for Free in PDF Format and Explore the Ancient, Medieval and Modern Periods of Tamilnadu



# Outline of the article - Introduction - What is the book about - Why should you read this book - How to download this book for free - Part I: Ancient Tamilnadu - Prehistoric period - Sangam period - Literature and culture - Part II: Medieval Tamilnadu - Pallavas and Cholas - Pandyas and Cheras - Religion and art - Part III: Modern Tamilnadu - European colonialism - Freedom struggle - Politics and cinema - Conclusion - Summary of the main points - Call to action - FAQs - Who is Prof J Dharmarajan? - What are the sources used in this book? - How can I buy a hard copy of this book? - What are some other books on Tamilnadu history? - How can I learn more about Tamilnadu culture? # Article ## Introduction Tamilnadu is one of the oldest and most culturally rich states of India. It has a history that spans over thousands of years, from the prehistoric times to the present day. It has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties, empires and kingdoms. It has produced some of the finest literature, art, architecture, music, dance and cinema in the world. It has also played a significant role in the freedom struggle and the political development of India. If you are interested in learning about the history of Tamilnadu, you may want to check out Prof J Dharmarajan's Tamilnadu History book. This book is a comprehensive and reliable source of information on the history of Tamilnadu. It covers the ancient, medieval and modern periods of Tamilnadu's history, with a special focus on the cultural, social and political aspects. In this article, we will give you an overview of what this book is about, why you should read it, and how you can download it for free in PDF format. We will also give you some insights into each of the three parts of the book: ancient Tamilnadu, medieval Tamilnadu and modern Tamilnadu. We hope that by reading this article, you will be inspired to read the book and learn more about the rich and diverse history of Tamilnadu. ## Part I: Ancient Tamilnadu The first part of the book deals with the ancient period of Tamilnadu's history, from prehistoric times to the end of the Sangam era (c. 300 CE). This period is marked by the emergence and evolution of the Tamil people, their language, literature and culture. ### Prehistoric period The prehistoric period of Tamilnadu covers the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age), Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age), Neolithic (New Stone Age) and Megalithic (Iron Age) phases. The book gives an account of the archaeological evidence of human habitation in Tamilnadu during these phases. It also discusses the origins and migrations of the Tamils, their racial and linguistic affinities, and their social and economic life. ### Sangam period The Sangam period is considered to be the golden age of Tamil literature and culture. It refers to the period when a series of literary academies (Sangams) were established by the kings and patronized by poets and scholars. The book gives a detailed description of the Sangam literature, which consists of eight anthologies (Ettuthogai) and ten idylls (Pattuppattu) of poems on various themes such as love, war, ethics, nature and heroism. The book also highlights the historical information derived from these poems, such as the names and deeds of kings, chieftains, heroes and heroines; the geographical features and divisions of the land; the social and political organization and institutions; the religious and philosophical beliefs and practices; and the customs and traditions of the people. ### Literature and culture The book also explores the other aspects of literature and culture in ancient Tamilnadu, such as the grammar, prosody, rhetoric, lexicography, folklore, epigraphy, numismatics, art and architecture. The book gives examples of the grammatical works (Tolkappiyam, Nannul, etc.), the prosodic works (Yapparungalam, Virasoliyam, etc.), the rhetorical works (Ilakkanam, Porulatikaram, etc.), the lexicographical works (Nigandu, Nikantu, etc.), the folk literature (Ahananuru, Purananuru, etc.), the inscriptions (Ashokan edicts, Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions, etc.), the coins (Punch-marked coins, Roman coins, etc.), the art (rock paintings, sculptures, etc.) and the architecture (cave temples, monoliths, etc.) of ancient Tamilnadu. ## Part II: Medieval Tamilnadu The second part of the book deals with the medieval period of Tamilnadu's history, from the Pallavas to the Vijayanagara empire (c. 600-1600 CE). This period is marked by the rise and fall of various dynasties that ruled over different parts of Tamilnadu and influenced its religion, art and culture. ### Pallavas and Cholas The Pallavas and Cholas were two of the most powerful and influential dynasties that ruled over Tamilnadu during the medieval period. The book gives an account of their origin, genealogy, chronology, administration, military conquests, foreign relations, trade and commerce. The book also discusses their contribution to religion, art and culture. The book mentions the prominent rulers of these dynasties, such as Mahendravarman I, Narasimhavarman I (Mamallan), Rajasimha (Narasimhavarman II), Rajaraja I, Rajendra I, Rajadhiraja I and Kulottunga I. The book also describes their famous temples and monuments, such as Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram, Shore temple at Mahabalipuram, Brihadisvara temple at Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple at Jayankondam and Airavatesvara temple at Darasuram. ### Pandyas and Cheras The Pandyas and Cheras were two other important dynasties that ruled over Tamilnadu during the medieval period. The book gives an account of their origin, genealogy, chronology, administration, military conquests, foreign relations, trade and commerce. The book also discusses their contribution to religion, art and culture. The book mentions the prominent rulers of these dynasties, such as Nedunjeliyan I (Aariyapadai Kadantha Nedunjeliyan), Maravarman Sundara Pandya I (Sundara Pandyan), Jatavarman Sundara Pandya I (Kulasekara Pandyan), Cheraman Perumal Nayanar (Rajaraja Perumal), Sthanu Ravi Varman (Kulashekhara Varman) and Rama Varma Kulashekhara (Rama Rajasekhara). The book also describes their famous temples and monuments, such as Meenakshi temple at Madurai, Nellaiappar temple at Tirunelveli, Thiruvarur temple at Thiruvarur, Thiruvanchikulam temple at Kodungallur and Mattancherry palace at Kochi. ### Religion and art The book also explores the other aspects of religion and art in medieval Tamilnadu, such as the development of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and Christianity; the emergence of Bhakti movement and Saiva Siddhanta; the evolution of Dravidian style and Vesara style of architecture; the growth of sculpture, painting, music and dance. The book gives examples of the religious works (Silappadikaram, Manimekalai, Periyapuranam, Thiruvachakam, etc.), the architectural works (Ratha temples, Vimana temples, Gopura temples, Mandapa temples, etc.), the sculptural works (Pancha Pandava rathas, Descent of Ganga relief, Nataraja statue, etc.), the painting works (Ajanta frescoes, Chola murals, Vijayanagara paintings, etc.), the musical works (Thevaram, Thiruppugazh, Pancharatna kritis, etc.) and the dance forms ## Part III: Modern Tamilnadu The third part of the book deals with the modern period of Tamilnadu's history, from the advent of European colonialism to the present day (c. 1600-2000 CE). This period is marked by the impact of foreign rule, the emergence of nationalism, the struggle for freedom and the development of democracy. ### European colonialism The European colonialism in Tamilnadu began with the arrival of the Portuguese, the Dutch, the French and the British as traders from Europe. The book gives an account of their settlements, conflicts and alliances with the local rulers and each other. The book also discusses their influence on the economy, society, religion and culture of Tamilnadu. The book mentions the prominent events and personalities of this period, such as the Battle of Colachel (1741), the Carnatic Wars (1746-1763), the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748), Robert Clive (1725-1774), Joseph François Dupleix (1697-1763), Eyre Coote (1726-1783), Hyder Ali (1720-1782), Tipu Sultan (1750-1799), Lord Cornwallis (1738-1805), Lord Wellesley (1760-1842), Sir Thomas Munro (1761-1827) and Lord Dalhousie (1812-1860). ### Freedom struggle The freedom struggle in Tamilnadu was a part of the larger Indian independence movement against the British rule. The book gives an account of the various phases, movements and leaders of the freedom struggle in Tamilnadu. The book also discusses the role of women, workers, peasants and students in the freedom struggle. The book mentions the prominent events and personalities of this period, such as the Vellore Mutiny (1806), the Puli Thevar Rebellion (1755-1767), the Marudu Brothers Rebellion (1801-1802), the Polygar Wars (1799-1805), Veerapandiya Kattabomman (1760-1799), V.O.Chidambaram Pillai (1872-1936), Subramania Bharati (1882-1921), Vanchinathan (1886-1911), Annie Besant (1847-1933), C.Rajagopalachari (1878-1972), E.V.Ramasamy Periyar (1879-1973), K.Kamaraj (1903-1975) and Subhas Chandra Bose (1897-1945). ### Politics and cinema The politics and cinema of Tamilnadu are two interrelated aspects that have shaped the modern history and culture of Tamilnadu. The book gives an account of the evolution of political parties, ideologies and movements in Tamilnadu. The book also discusses the development of cinema as a medium of entertainment, education and propaganda in Tamilnadu. The book mentions the prominent events and personalities of this period, such as the Justice Party (1916), the Self-Respect Movement (1925), the Dravidar Kazhagam (1944), the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (1949), the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (1972), M.G.Ramachandran (1917-1987), J.Jayalalithaa (1948-2016), M.Karunanidhi (1924-2018), R.Muthuvel Karunanidhi Stalin (1953-present), the Indian National Congress, the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Communist Party of India, the Communist Party of India (Marxist), the Pattali Makkal Katchi, the Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi, the Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, the Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam, the Naam Tamilar Katchi, the Amma Makkal Munnetra Kazhagam, the Makkal Needhi Maiam and others; and the pioneers and stars of Tamil cinema, such as R.Nataraja Mudaliar (1885-1972), S.S.Vasan (1904-1969), A.V.Meyyappan (1907-1975), K.Subramanyam (1904-1971), K.Balachander (1930-2014), K.S.Gopalakrishnan (1929-2015), Sivaji Ganesan (1928-2001), M.G.Ramachandran (1917-1987), J.Jayalalithaa (1948-2016), Gemini Ganesan (1919-2005), N.T.Rama Rao (1923-1996), Nagesh (1933-2009), Manorama (1937-2015), Kamal Haasan (1954-present), Rajinikanth (1950-present), Vijay (1974-present), Ajith Kumar (1971-present), Suriya (1975-present), Vikram (1966-present), Dhanush (1983-present) and others. ## Conclusion In this article, we have given you an overview of Prof J Dharmarajan's Tamilnadu History book, which is a comprehensive and reliable source of information on the history of Tamilnadu. We have also given you some insights into each of the three parts of the book: ancient Tamilnadu, medieval Tamilnadu and modern Tamilnadu. We hope that by reading this article, you have gained some knowledge and interest in the rich and diverse history of Tamilnadu. If you want to read the book in full, you can download it for free in PDF format from this link on Scribd, which is a digital library that hosts millions of books, documents and audiobooks. You will need to sign up or log in to Scribd to download the book. You can also read it online or save it to your Scribd account for later access. We hope that you have enjoyed reading this article and learned something new. If you have any questions or feedback, please feel free to leave a comment below. Thank you for your time and attention. ## FAQs ### Who is Prof J Dharmarajan? Prof J Dharmarajan is a renowned historian and scholar of Tamilnadu. He was a professor and head of the department of history at Madurai Kamaraj University. He has written several books and articles on various aspects of Tamilnadu's history, culture and society. He is widely respected and admired for his scholarly work and contribution to the field of Tamil studies. ### What are the sources used in this book? This book is based on a wide range of sources, such as archaeological evidence, literary sources, inscriptions, coins, paintings, sculptures, monuments, foreign accounts, official records, newspapers, journals, memoirs, biographies and oral traditions. The book also cites the works of other historians and scholars who have studied Tamilnadu's history. ### How can I buy a hard copy of this book? This book is not easily available in the market or online. You may have to pay a high price to buy it from some sellers or websites. However, you can try to find it in some libraries or bookstores that specialize in Tamil books. You can also contact the publisher or the author directly to inquire about the availability and price of the book. ### What are some other books on Tamilnadu history? There are many other books on Tamilnadu history that you can read to enhance your knowledge and understanding. Some of them are: - A History of South India by K.A.Nilakanta Sastri - A History of Tamil Literature by Kamil Zvelebil - A Social History of the Tamils by P.S.Subrahmanya Sastri - The Tamils: A History by Sudharshan Seneviratne - The Tamils: 1800 Years Ago by V.Kanakasabhai Pillai - The Tamils: The People, Their History and Culture by P.Ramachandran ### How can I learn more about Tamilnadu culture? Tamilnadu culture is a vast and varied topic that encompasses many aspects such as language, literature, philosophy, religion, art, architecture, music, dance, cinema, cuisine, calendar, festivals, customs and traditions. You can learn more about Tamilnadu culture by reading books, articles, blogs and magazines; watching movies, documentaries and videos; listening to songs, podcasts and lectures; visiting museums, temples and monuments; attending cultural events and programs; interacting with native speakers and experts; and experiencing it yourself by travelling to Tamilnadu or joining a Tamil community.




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